Estonian State Decorations

Pursuant to the Decorations Act passed by the Riigikogu on 19 December 2007.

Estonia has six state decorations (orders):

  • Estonian State Decorations

    The Cross of Liberty was instituted in 1919 in order to give recognition for services during the Estonian War of Independence. The Cross of Liberty is a military decoration in the event of war conducted to defend Estonian independence. Bestowal of the Cross of Liberty was terminated in 1925.

  • Estonian State Decorations

    The Order of the National Coat of Arms was instituted in 1936 to commemorate 24 February 1918, the day on which Estonian independence was declared. The Order of the National Coat of Arms is bestowed only on Estonian citizens as a decoration of the highest class for services to the state. The Order of the National Coat of Arms comprises six classes.

  • Estonian State Decorations

    The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana was instituted in 1995 to honour the independence of the Estonian state. The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana is bestowed by the President of the Republic on foreigners who have rendered special services to the Republic of Estonia. The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana comprises six classes.

  • Estonian State Decorations

    The Order of the White Star was instituted in 1936 to commemorate the fight of the Estonian people for freedom. The Order of the White Star is bestowed on Estonian citizens to give recognition for services rendered in state public service or local government and on foreigners for services rendered to the Estonian state. The Order of the White Star comprises seven classes.

  • Estonian State Decorations

    The Order of the Cross of the Eagle was instituted in 1928 by the Defence League to commemorate the tenth anniversary of Estonian independence. The Order of the Cross of the Eagle is bestowed for military services and services in the field of national defence. The Order of the Cross of the Eagle comprises eight classes.

  • Estonian State Decorations

    The Order of the Estonian Red Cross was in 1920 instituted by the Estonian Red Cross Society. The Order of the Estonian Red Cross is bestowed in order to give recognition for humanitarian services rendered in the interests of the Estonian people and for the saving of life. The Order of the Estonian Red Cross comprises six classes.

The decorations shall be bestowed by the President of the Republic.

The exhibition of the Estonian State Decorations is presented at the National Library of Estonia
(5th floor, Tõnismägi 2, 15189 Tallinn, Estonia).